Arabian Desert And East Sahero-Arabian Xeric Shrublands

The Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian Xeric Shrublands is the largest region in the country, stretching from Yemen to Arabian Gulf. It covers parts of other countries as well, such as EgyptJordanIraqSyria, the United Arab Emirates, and Oman. The region covers an area of 185,132,350 hectares, and the ecological zone is palearctic characterized by bodies of sand. The ecological region supports very few biodiversity with only endemic plants growing there. Animals such as the Oryx, gazelle, sand cat, jackal, and hyena are also found in the region. Daytime temperatures can rise to above 50 degrees due to the low elevation. The region faces ecological threats from agricultural projects, military activities, oil production, and overgrazing of camels.

Ecosystem type
Dry and sub-humid land ecosystem